Banjo This is an article that appeared in a local Bluegrass Society newsletter from a few years ago....

Minstrelsy And The Banjo In Australia : The Beginnings.

     As mentioned in the previous article (Minstrelsy in Australia) Blythe
Waterland's troupe were the initial minstrel group to appear in Australia in a
total minstrel performance. Included in their performance was the first
appearance of the "American banjo" on the stage in Sydney.

     Following the Sydney performances of the Waterland troupe the group
travelled up to the Maitland & Newcastle region by steamer.

The Serenaders performances were enthusiastically received with the Maitland
press greeting Waterland's concert on the 29th of May,1850 at the Rose Inn, West
Maitland with the following lines:

     "The performance of the company on Wednesday evening was fully equal to
  the high character of their Tuesday's entertainment. It is wonderful that
  with such apparently imperfect instruments as the banjo, the flutina, the
  tambourine, & the bones, these artists can produce really excellent music, their
  time & harmony being perfect..."

        "The second part was introduced by "Christ Church Bells", beautifully
  given on the banjo by Mr.Reading, & which obtained a well-deserved encore..."

 The Serenaders were sent a deputation on their return from Singleton on the
1st June & requested to give a benefit for the Maitland Hospital, the crowd
being such that the resultant attendance grossed 34/4/6d.,with ticket sales
totalling 23/11/-,and people being turned away at the door.

 There was not all clear sailing though, with the ill health of Mr.Reading
seemingly causing problems as he could not perform in some of his Sydney
concerts as well as a number of the Maitland/Newcastle concerts. Following the
troupes last performance in the Hunter Valley region they left for Sydney on
the 11th June,1850 with resultant Sydney advertisements shown below:

        "Messrs. Charles V. Howard & George B. Howard, the celebrated & unequalled
    tambourine & flutina players, beg respectfully to inform the inhabitants of
    Sydney & the public generally that they are no longer in association with
    the person known as Blythe Waterland, & that they have now formed a company
    of Ethiopians unequalled in talent in New South Wales...."

                                                            13th June,1850.

        "Messrs. Blythe Waterland & J. W. Reading,beg to notify the public, in
    reference to an advertisement which appeared in yesterday's Herald,  from the
    Messrs. Howards, that they have selected a splendid new band of Serenaders,
    which is now in active practice, & who will in a few days solicit the
    patronage of the public .Messrs. Waterland & Reading's motive for this
    announcement is to guard their former supporters from being imposed upon by
    pretenders, whose early claim is the circumstance of their having once being
    engaged as part of their company.  Sydney, June 13..."

                                                           14th June,1850.

    This conflict did not go unnoticed & one journal had the following to say:

        "If the two bands were to coalesce, their success would be indubitable,
      but clashing together, as they necessarily must(if they adopt not this
      suggestion) we fear they will cut each other's throats,in a professional
 The Waterland troupe subsequently toured Goulburn, Berrima, & Picton, while
the Howard Serenaders ventured to Bathurst as well as publishing a songster
"containing all the most popular nigger songs" available from the publisher
Mr. Mason at 147 Castlereagh St., or Mr. Grocott's music saloon in George St., for
the price of 6d.The Waterland & Reading troupe also published their own
songster & was available at the door of their concerts for the price of 1/-.

 The two troupes then boarded the steamer, Shamrock on the 5th July,1850 for
Melbourne where they continued to carry out their aggressive advertisements to
draw the crowds, this practice developing into a tradition as judged by
subsequent years.

   The Howard's Serenaders opened in Melbourne at the Queen's Theatre Royal on
Friday, the 12th July,1850,with the Waterland & Reading's Serenaders opening the
following night at the Royal Hotel. The Howard Serenaders continued to perform
in Melbourne & Geelong before returning to Sydney. The Waterland troupe also
performed at various venues(Collingwood etc),as well as publicising their own
songster for sale prior to travelling onto Tasmania.

   Reviews for the two groups continued to be of interest with one mentioning
the "clever imitation of the start of a railway train" (a feature of latter
Bluegrass music!).Also the Waterland & Reading Serenaders advertisements
mentioned that "they are the original performers of the American banjo
in N. S. W.".
    Along with these two groups there were a number of other individual artists
who staged minstrel acts both in Sydney, Melbourne, Tasmania & the districts.
These individual acts generally accompanied themselves with bones/tambourine or
sang unaccompanied, some of these artists included John Hyde, Mr.Jackson,
Mr.Golding, Master Chambers ,Billy Barlow  etc. One of these individual minstrels
went onto be significant in being the first to try & teach the local inhabitants the
 rudiments of playing the banjo.

       Troy Knight appeared in Melbourne at the Queen's Theatre, August,
1850 on the same bill with Master Chambers. It can be surmised that Master
Chambers was one of the original performers that was part of the "The Four
Ethiopian Serenaders" who first appeared in Melbourne around July,1849.(as per
previous article).
     Troy Knight was billed on the 15th August,1850 at the Queen's Theatre as
 the celebrated Banjoist, & Master Chambers as the celebrated Picanniny Congo
Minstrel. Troy Knight performed such pieces as "Happy Moments" & "a variety of
favourite songs".
      Following performances by Troy Knight in Melbourne he ventured to
Tasmania on the heels of the Waterland & Reading's Serenaders, opening at the
Royal Olympic Theatre, Launceston on Monday the 12th of September & at the
Longford, Blenheim Hotel on the 24th of September,1850 were he was billed
as "the original bone & banjo player of the whole of the colonies".(sic)

     As well as appearing on the stage Troy Knight also placed advertisements
for lessons on the American banjo. The advertisements being placed in late
September,1850.being the first indication of any local inhabitants being taught
the American banjo. Unfortunately when a concert was put forward to allow his
pupils public approbation he was not supported by these "gentlemen amateurs" as
they were apparently smitten with stage fright.
  The banjo subsequently gained a measure of acceptance in Australia & became
an integral part of minstrel performances, as well as becoming an accompaniment
to other entertainment. Latter years were to see the formation of banjo clubs,
publications, etc much in the same way as the Bluegrass Society.

         Once again acknowledgement goes to the staff of the State & Mitchell